Welcome to the TAKG newsletter!
This newsletter highlights the latest developments in our two key initiatives: the Katoomba Ecosystem Services Incubator and the analysis of legal and institutional aspects of ecosystem services transactions. Links between Africa and America regional Katoomba Groups were strengthened at the Global Katoomba XIII meeting held in Tanzania.
In other partner news, Forest Trends launched the Community Portal to help bridge the gap between providers and buyers of ecosystem services. We share new publications on ecosystem services have been published in recent months, with an increasing focus on REDD and forest carbon.
I would also like to let you know that I will be leaving the Tropical America Katoomba Group in December. In this moment of professional transition, I wish to express what great pleasure it has been to share with each and every one of you in building the initiatives and work of this regional Katoomba Group over the last three years. I have learned much from the leadership, innovation and persistence that your activities in Latin America show, and from the obstacles we face! I wish you continued success as we keep defining the balance between nature and the spirit of mother nature that we value so much, and I hope we keep crossing paths.
The Tropical America Katoomba work will be carried on by Hannah Murray together with Jacob Olander, and the many of you who will continue developing the work of this Katoomba network!
We thank you for your interest and collaboration in this work and wish you the best for the remainder of 2008.
*Please send any materials/documents, notes and announcements over your activities to be included in future newsletters to hmurray(at)katoombagroup.org.
* To be removed from this list, please see the UNSUBSCRIBE link at the bottom of this page.
* To be added to this list, please contactTA-katoomba(at)forest-trends.org.
Table of Contents
MATERIALS AND HIGHLIGHTS FROM PES RELATED MEETINGS AND WORKSHOPS
Mexico and Central America
* First Forum on Ecosystem Services | Chiapas, Mexico | July 2008
* Avina Foundation Workshop | Panama | July 2008
* Legal & Institutional Frameworks in PES Deals | Peru | August 2008
* El Agua en Ecosistemas Andinos | Ecuador | September 2008
* Grupo REDD meeting | Peru |October
* UNFF Country-Led Initiative | Suriname – September 2008
* Katoomba XIII: Taking Stock and Charting a Way Forward for PES in Africa | Tanzania | September 2008
* Global Forest Leaders Forum on Forests and Climate Change | USA | September 2008
* Protecting Rainforests, Communities & Our Climate: How U.S. leadership can make a difference | USA | September 2008
* Global Development Marketplace |USA | September 2008
* Rights, Forests and Climate Change | Norway | October 2008
* Designing REDD activities to mitigate climate change | Costa Rica | October 2008
* Adaptation to climate change: the role of ecosystem services | Costa Rica | November 3-5, 2008
* Global Consultation on Indigenous Issues and REDD | Philippines | November 12-14
* Monitoring ecosystem services in PES transactions | Guatemala | November 26-28, 2008
* Katoomba Group in Poznan | Poland | December 1-12, 2008
* Conservation Capital in the Americas |Chile | January 17-19, 2009
TROPICAL AMERICA KATOOMBA GROUP INITIATIVES
* Ecosystem Services Incubator
* Legal & Institutional Aspects of Ecosystem Services Transactions
NEW PUBLICATIONS, TOOLS AND RESOURCES
Carbon & REDD
* Forests: Taking Root in the Voluntary Carbon Markets
* REDD Series on EM: REDD in the USA
* V Carbon Executive Summaries – in Spanish!
* International Forestry Review – Special Issue on REDD and the Evolution of an International Forest Regime
* How to Include Terrestrial Carbon in Developing Nations in the Overall Climate Change Solution
* TOOL: DVD from CDM Markets Latin America 2008-2009
* FILM: The Burning Season
* Diving into Water Markets: Taking Stock of Water Markets and the Future of Payments for Ecosystem Services
* De los ríos no me río: Cuencas Metropolitanas de Buenos Aires
* Financing Sustainable Forest Management
* Climate Change and Forests, Emerging Policy and Market Opportunities
* The Eliasch Review
* PES Key Issues page on Eldis Environmental Reporter
* Rights and Resources reports on local rights and community forest tenure
NEWS FROM ACROSS THE OCEAN
* Katoomba XIII: Taking Stock and Charting a Way Forward for PES in Africa – September 2008
PARTNER NEWS AND ARTICLES
* Forest Trends launches the Community Portal
* MIA Project call for proposals related to mitigation and adaptation
* Conservation Finance Forum scholarships for event in Valdivia, Chile in January 2009
* JOB OPENING at SPDA in Lima, Peru: Environmental Services Specialist with REDD Emphasis
* JOB OPENING at TAKG: Program Associate, Washington DC
MATERIALS AND HIGHLIGHTS FROM PES RELATED MEETINGS AND WORKSHOPS
MEXICO AND CENTRAL AMERICA
First Forum on Ecosystem Services in Chiapas
Chiapas, Mexico, July 17-18
The First Forum on Ecosystem Services in Chiapas was convened to foster public and private sector initiatives for the creation of a PES strategy for the state. The event was organized by Conservation International and supported by other civic organizations. Representatives from government, business, academia, and nonprofit organizations discussed the need to strengthen the development of an environmental services strategy in Chiapas. In articulating the need for a PES strategy for Chiapas, participants considered the economics of environmental services and addressed the management and uses of biodiversity. While Chiapas has the highest biodiversity of all Mexican states, it faces the greatest environmental threats and pressures.
* For more information on the forum, visit Reforestamos México's blog.
Avina Foundation Workshop in Panama
Ciudad del Saber, July 28-30
As reported in our last newsletter, the third Avina Foundation workshop was held in Ciudad del Saber, Panamá from July 28-30. The workshop, Opportunities and Challenges to the Development of Ecosystem Services in Latin America, was a collaborative effort between the Katoomba Group, the Avina Foundation and CIDES. Presentations, materials, and the workshop summary are now available on our website (see link below). We are happy to report that numerous participants have made progress on “compromisos” (follow-up commitments) made at the event. Some of the “compromisos” that participants are working on include organizing PES workshops, exploring PES opportunities for water and in urban watersheds, and linking PES to adaptation and mitigation activities.
* For the workshop summary and related materials, visit the Katoomba Group's website.
Workshop on legal & institutional frameworks in PES Deals
Lima, Peru, August 6 - 8
From August 6-8, IUCN and Katoomba held a workshop on the legal and institutional frameworks related to ecosystem services transactions in Latin America. The workshop’s objective was to present findings from preliminary scoping work that had been conducted on the design of carbon and water deals in the Andes-Amazon region. Over the course of three days, the 22 participants worked to identify needs and gaps for governments to provide legal means to help ensure equitative ecosystem services deals. Participants came from a range of backgrounds that included NGO’s, multilateral agencies, government, academia, environmental consulting, and law firms. Reviews focused on Brazil, Colombia, Peru, and Bolivia. Participants from Ecuador, Mexico and Costa Rica also shared their countries’ experiences in the design of legal frameworks related to PES.
Analysis included the following key topics affecting PES transactions: legal and institutional frameworks related to PES at the national and local level; property rights and ownership issues; contract design and components including securities, risk allocation, and negotiation processes; monitoring, non-compliance, and enforcement; dispute resolution; and public participation.
* For the workshop agenda and presentations from this event, please see the Katoomba Group's website
* To learn more about the legal initiative, please see the Katoomba Group's website
El Agua en Ecosistemas Andinos
Quito, Ecuador, September 3 - 5, 2008
Ecuador’s National Water Secretary, the Coordinating Ministry of Strategic Sectors and a group of institutions conducted a workshop on the application of water management tools for Andean ecosystems. The workshop was based on the premise that strategies for watershed conservation need reliable information on hydrological services, flow regimes and flow rates, water quality, sediment control and contamination. The workshop discussed the importance of hydrological models, participatory monitoring systems, and biological indicators in water management. Presentations drew on examples of initiatives from Ecuador, Bolivia, Colombia, and elsewhere.
* For links to the presentations from the workshop, please see the RISAS website.
Meeting on REDD in Peru
Tarapoto, Peru October 15-17, 2008
A variety of national and regional level stakeholders met for three days in San Martin, Peru convened by multiple participants in the Grupo REDD. They shared an interest in building a joint understanding and set of inputs on the topic of governance and design of REDD Activities. This included many regional governments, indigenous community associations, INRENA, the Ministry of Environment, National and International NGO’s, donors and private sector. Discussions in breakout groups focused on legal and institutional ascpects, financial issues, and technical and methodological aspects. Apart from interesting findings from these breakout groups, participants defined a route map to help groups plan their participation in key milestones in the process that will take place in the country for REDD readiness. A declaration presented some basic aspects that should be supplemented by the many valuable contributions of the breakout groups.
* Read the declaration.
UNFF Country-Led Initiative
Paramaribo, Suriname – September 8 - 12
The UN Forum on Forests held its country-led initiative on financing for sustainable forest management from September 8 to 12 in Paramaribo, Suriname. The event was organized by the governments of Suriname, the Netherlands and the United States. Plenary sessions addressed opportunities and instruments for financing sustainable forest management, including financing from forest ecosystem services.
Several presentations focused on payment for ecosystem services (ES). In a presentation on mobilizing financing from forest ecosystem services, Carlos Manuel Rodriguez of Conservation International explained how Costa Rica has utilized ES payments as the primary financial mechanism to promote forest protection and sustainable use. Claudio Maretti of WWF-Brazil offered Brazilian perspectives on PES carbon compensation in the Amazon. Doris Cordero of IUCN-South America discussed examples and lessons learned from payments for forest ecosystem services in North Andean countries.
Michael Richards of Forest Trends presented research on a portfolio approach to forest finance and case studies from Uganda and Peru on identifying financing sources and mechanisms to implement REDD.
* For the conference website, which has links to the agenda and presentations, visit the conference website
* Links to the specific presentations mentioned above:
* Doris Cordero's Presentation
* Carlos Manuel Rodríguez's Presentation
* Claudio Marietti's Presentation
Global Katoomba XIII: Taking Stock and Charting a Way Forward for PES in Africa
Dar es Salaam, Tanzania – September 16-18
Global Katoomba XIII convened over 200 actors interested in markets and payments for ecosystem services and was held in Tanzania. The event was structured around two principal themes: REDD readiness strategies in Tanzania, and payments for watershed services in the region. Please see the Across the Ocean section of this newsletter for further details.
* For a summary of the proceedings and participants’ presentations, see the Katoomba Group website
Global Forest Leaders Forum on Forests and Climate Change
Washington, DC – September 16-17
The Forests Dialogue and the World Bank convened a two-day meeting of forest managers and conservation leaders to discuss the role of forests and sustainable forest management as a strategy to address climate change. The meeting was part of a 10-month process that has brought together over 250 stakeholders to define the role that forests should play in global climate change policy discussions. Attendees came from a wide range of stakeholders representing government, environmental and social groups, indigenous peoples and forest communities, research agencies, and the private sector. Participants provided input on five guiding principles for climate change negotiators:
1) Ensure that forest related climate change options support sustainable development in both forest-rich and forest-poor countries
2) Tackle the drivers of deforestation that lie outside the forest sector
3) Support transparent, inclusive and acceptable forest governance
4) Encourage local processes to clarify and strengthen tenure, property and carbon rights
5) Provide substantial additional funding to build capacity to put the above principles into practice
These were released as a consensus statement at the World Conservation Congress in Barcelona on October 8. Entitled Beyond REDD: The Role of Forests in Climate Change, the statement outlines the specific role that forests can play to halt climate change, emphasizes and outlines specific options for immediate action, and identifies concrete next steps for seven different stakeholder groups.
* To read the statement and view related materials, please see The Forests Dialogue's website
Protecting Rainforests, Communities & Our Climate: How U.S. leadership can make a difference
Avoided Deforestation Partners, New York City – September 22
Avoided Deforestation Partners hosted a discussion with Nobel laureates Al Gore and Wangari Maathai on the role of tropical forest protection in mitigating climate change and in working towards international peace, stability, and development. The meeting focused on the role that U.S. leaders can play to halt deforestation by including international tropical forest provisions in climate change policy. The event was notable for bringing together leaders from the environmental and development communities and from government.
One output of the meeting was a Call to Action statement created by the conservation and poverty alleviation NGO groups in attendance. The statement aims to frame practical and effective forest policy solutions. It is hoped that the statement, as well as The Forests Dialogue statement (see above), can pave the way for inclusion of strong and well-structured REDD mechanisms in climate negotiations. Avoided Deforestation Partners is serving as the Secretariat to the Call to Action.
A second key output came from a workshop held September 23. Breakouts and plenary discussion developed guidelines on key issues relevant to formulating REDD mechanisms in the areas of financial flows, national and sub-national crediting and implementation, and local involvement and benefit sharing.
* For more information on the meeting, visit the website of the Avoided Deforestation Partners
* Read the Ecosystem Marketplace article
* Download a complete description of the workshop
Global Development Marketplace
Washington, DC – September 24 - 26
The World Bank’s Development Marketplace (DM) is a competitive grant program that provides funds to early-stage development projects around the world. The theme of this year’s competition was Sustainable Agriculture for Development, and the three sub-themes were: linking small-scale farmers to input-output markets; improving land access and tenure for the poor; and promoting the environmental services of agriculture in addressing climate change and biodiversity conservation. From September 24-26, the DM invited 100 project finalists from 42 countries to present, network, and share knowledge. The DM selected 22 winners to receive grants of up to $200,000 for projects that will be implemented over the course of two years.
Eight of the selected winners were from Latin America, and of these, three were directly related to environmental services. These include a project to link communities to markets for reforestation credits in the Brazilian Amazon, an innovative project to apply Paraguay’s PES law to agriculture, and a pilot payment scheme for a “gourmet” menu of integrated environmental services generated from cattle operations in Mexico. The last one is a Mexican project, “Reducing Impacts from Cattle Ranching on Biodiversity”, run by the Grupo Ecologico Sierra Gorda, with other components that are a pilot of the Katoomba Ecosystem Services Incubator. The Katoomba Ecosystem Services Incubator and two Katoomba partners in the Incubator were also invited to present their work to the Development Marketplace finalists.
* Learn more about the Development Marketplace 2008
* To read about the selected winners, follow this link to the World Bank's announcement
* Read more about Sierra Gorda's Project
* To learn more about the Katoomba Ecosystem Services Incubator and to see the presentation from the Development Marketplace, you may read the update in the TAKG Initiatives
section of this newsletter as well as following this link to the Katoomba Group webpage
Rights, Forests and Climate Change
Oslo, Norway – October 15-17
The Rights and Resources Initiative, in conjunction with Rainforest Foundation Norway, held an international conference entitled Rights, Forests and Climate Change from October 15-17 in Oslo, Norway. The conference aimed to provide the first opportunity for members of the rights and climate change communities to discuss and plan ways that carbon strategies and mechanisms could recognize and strengthen forest access and ownership. Issues discussed included: the involvement of forest peoples and communities in mitigation policy negotiations, as well as the impacts that these negotiations may have on communities; the challenges faced by communities in adapting to climate change; and specific actions that governments, donors, and civil society can take to strengthen forest communities’ rights. The event highlighted lessons that have been learned from early implementation and also considered institutional REDD structures.
* For information on the conference, including the event agenda and related materials, see the Rights and Resources Initiative's website
* For the conference blog, which is available in English, Spanish, and Portuguese, visit the webpage
Designing REDD activities to mitigate climate change
Costa Rica, October 27-31
The Tropical Agricultural Research and Higher Education Center (CATIE), the World Bank, the German Association for Technical Cooperation (GTZ), the Katoomba Group, and Conservation International presented a course entitled Designing REDD Activities to Mitigate Climate Change. The five-day workshop was held at CATIE in Turrialba, Costa Rica from October 27th to 31st.
The course addressed the science of climate change mitigation through forests, analyze policy approaches to REDD currently discussed by the international community, and present recently developed methodologies, validation and verification standards and voluntary REDD initiatives. Case studies were presented for national and project based activities, and the participants benefited from interactive discussion with international experts. The first few days provided a background on the scientific bases and political context of REDD, as well as national and project approaches. The second part of the workshop focused on REDD project design and methodology.
The Katoomba Ecosystem Services Incubator coordinated a REDD project clinic to provide targeted technical, legal and business input into projects currently in the design phase. Topics covered included: methodologies, measurement of carbon and other emissions, institutional and financial aspects, risk assessment and legal considerations, analysis of socio-economic and environmental impacts, and additionality. We thank the many projects and experts who contributed to the success of the clinic.
* Materials and presentations are now available on the event webpage
* To learn more about the Katoomba Ecosystem Services Incubator, please visit the Katoomba Group's website
Adaptation to climate change: the role of ecosystem services
Turrialba, Costa Rica – November 3-5
The organizing committee of SIAASE (Seminario Internacional sobre Adaptación al cambio climático: el rol de los servicios ecosistémicos) held an international seminar on adaptation and climate change from November 3 -5. Through lectures and seminars, the workshop examined the latest developments in adaptation strategies as well as case studies and experiences from Latin America. The workshop aimed to lay the foundations for a research network on the role of ecosystem services in adaptation to climate change. One output of the event is to be a publication on the development of these strategies in Latin America.
* For more information about this event, please visit SIAASE's website
Potential Impacts of Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) on Indigenous and Local Communities
Baguio City, the Philippines - November 12-14
The Secretariat of the UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), in cooperation with the United Nations University – Traditional Knowledge Centre, and Tebtebba held a global consultation and capacity building workshop on the impact of REDD on indigenous and local communities. The meeting was held back-to-back with a Southeast Asian indigenous leaders forum on REDD, from November 9-11, organized by UNU-TK and Tebtebba. Participation was by invitation only and a call for nominations of experts was sent to registered indigenous organizations.
* Please contact Sofia Gutierrez for more information (sofia.gutierrez(at)cbd.int)
Monitoring ecosystem services in PES transactions
Guatemala City, November 26-28
In November, REDIPASA will hold its first international symposium on monitoring ecosystem services in PES transactions. The meeting aims to compare and integrate methodologies for measuring, assessing, and monitoring the quality of ecosystem goods and services, with the hope of broadening the use of these design methodologies in PES transactions. Through dialogue and discussion, the workshop aims to identify efficient and cost-effective practical tools for PES implementation. It also will analyze other mechanisms for environmental goods and services. The event is open to all, and proposals will be accepted in Spanish as well as English.
* If you would like more information, download the workshop announcement here
* E-mail proposals to Samuel Rivera (Samuel.rivera(at)aggiemail.usu.edu
* If you have questionas about registration, lodging and scholarhsips, please e-mail Redipasa - redipasa(at)gmail.com
Forest Day 2 Side Event
Poznan, Poland – December 1-12, 2008
During the presentation of the Incubator at Forest Day at the COP Meeting in Poznan, we invite you to bring materials about your project activities, and also participate in the panel if you are working towards REDD transactions. To participate in this panel, please contact hmurray(at)forest-trends.org
Ecosystem Marketplace will present trends in the forest carbon markets and present preliminary findings from our first annual State of the Forest Carbon Markets report featuring quantitative data and qualitative analysis of the regulated and voluntary markets for forest carbon around the world. After preliminary findings are presented, a panel of experts, including project developers, standards organizations, and buyers will share their own insights into the current state of the market for forest-based offsets. Experiences and key lessons will be showcased from this year’s support given by the Katoomba Ecosystem Services Incubator to forest carbon projects in Latin America and Africa.
Conservation Capital in the Americas
Valdivia, Chile – January 17-19, 2009
Conservation practitioners, educators, and students from the Americas will convene in Valdivia, Chile to explore innovations and developments in the field of conservation finance. The event, coordinated by the Program on Conservation Innovation at The Harvard Forest, will address financing opportunities such as: the use of carbon markets to conserve working forests and agricultural landscapes; ecosystem service markets; conservation investment banking; public and private debt-for-nature swaps; third-party certification; and the use of taxes. Conference organizers hope to contribute to the success of this rapidly-developing field, which has been used to fund conservation initiatives around the world.
* For information on the conference, Visit the website of the Conservation Finance Forum
* For information on available scholarships, please see this page of the Conservation Finance Forum site
. You can also find additional information in the Announcements
section of this newsletter.
TROPICAL AMERICA KATOOMBA GROUP INITIATIVES
Ecosystem Services Incubator
The Katoomba Ecosystem Services Incubator has had some exciting developments in the past three months. In addition to ongoing work to support the four pilot projects, the Incubator has extended assistance to projects in the ‘pre-Incubation’ phase and has expanded operations to Africa. Other highlights include a site visit to a community-based carbon offset project in Panama and participation at the World Bank’s Global Development Marketplace competition, where the an Incubator project was declared one of the winners. The Incubator also held a REDD project clinic in Costa Rica in October. Read on for further detail on these developments.
Ongoing support to selected projects: The Incubator has continued to support four pilot projects in its portfolio by providing strategic and technical advice and supporting development of project design documents, data collection (e.g. forest inventories, land-use, land-cover) and legal counsel. The Incubator continues to develop its portfolio by extending technical assistance to projects that are in preliminary stages of development. Assistance has contributed to design of incentive payment mechanisms, scoping possibilities for projects to integrate carbon with other PES schemes, and strengthening carbon monitoring and methodologies. At the Designing REDD activities to mitigate climate change workshop at the end of October, the Incubator led a clinic to provide individualized support to projects.
Expansion to Africa: At the recent Global Katoomba meeting in Tanzania (see PES-related meetings), the Incubator met with African colleagues to identify areas of collaboration for positioning the Incubator in Africa. The Incubator was recently launched in Uganda, in collaboration with the Uganda Carbon Bureau. Response to the Incubator was very positive among Tanzania Katoomba meeting participants, and several countries requested that the Incubator extend service to their regions. As the Incubator expands to Africa in the coming year, it will draw on the experiences that the Latin America Incubator has had in its first year.
Site visit to community-based carbon offset project in Ipeti, Panama: In August, TAKG staff were fortunate to have the opportunity to visit the Embera of Ipeti, an indigenous community involved in forest conservation and native species reforestation programs. These efforts will generate carbon credits, which have been purchased by the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI) to offset its carbon dioxide emissions. STRI bought offsets of 4,630 t CO2 equivalent, in an agreement that was announced on August 17, 2008. Of the revenues, 80% will go to participating Ipeti-Embera households and 20% to a community fund. The community may sell any extra carbon credits generated by the project on the voluntary carbon market. The community owns 3,145 ha of land and, in collaboration with McGill University, had conducted a baseline study on carbon sequestration, a carbon inventory and a land-use map. The Katoomba Group met with the community and visited degraded land that was being prepared for reforestation with native species.
* Read an article written by mongabay.com about the agreement between Ipeti-Embera and STRI.
World Bank’s Global Development Marketplace 2008: Carina Bracer of the Tropical America Katoomba Group gave a presentation on the Incubator at the World Bank’s Global Development Marketplace, held in Washington DC in September. Her presentation discussed the Incubator’s activities and experiences to date, methodology, and lessons learned. Stuart White provided a perspective from an Incubator-supported project managed by Fundación Cordillera Tropical in Ecuador, and Guilherme Prado Valladares gave a presentation on an Incubator reforestation project within the Surui indigenous territory in the Brazilian Amazon. In other Incubator news, Grupo Ecológico Sierra Gorda was selected as one of 22 winners of the Development Marketplace competition for a project not in the Incubator called, “Reducing Impacts of Cattle Ranching on Biodiversity”. It is a payment scheme for a “gourmet” menu of integrated environmental services generated from cattle operations in Mexico. For more information on the Development Marketplace event, please see PES Related Meetings and Workshops section of this newsletter. Congratulations to all the winners!
Download Carina Bracer's presentation, "Early lessons learned from the Incubator."
Legal and Institutional Aspects of Ecosystem Services Transactions
In collaboration with IUCN Environmental Law Center, the Katoomba Group continues its legal analysis of issues related to the design of PES water and carbon transactions in Latin America. This initiative is founded on the premise that the success of PES is contingent upon an institutional context that supports, rather than hinders, PES transactions. The initiative strives to identify key obstacles to PES, produce guidance tools for project developers, and identify concrete steps that governments can take to address legal gaps and opportunities. The initiative’s ultimate goal is to develop analysis useful for guiding legal and institutional structures required to support PES schemes and their implementation.
The Katoomba Group and IUCN ELC are currently in the process of producing a consolidated publication on legal issues for water payments for ecosystem services based on individual country analyses in the Andes-Amazon region. We will soon post the Assessments of legal issues related to carbon transactions in Brazil & Colombia; and assessments for water transactions for Bolivia, Peru, Brazil and Colombia. As funding becomes available, assessments will be conducated of other countries in the Andes-Amazon region and extended to include REDD and other issues in the design of forest carbon policies and transactions. Our goal is for the analyses to serve as tools to support countries that are preparing policies or programs in ecosystem services. Findings of this research will be integrated into the Katoomba Group’s online learning tools. The methodology of analysis will soon be available on the Katoomba Group website for replication in other countries, and materials will be available in Spanish, and English.
* To read about the latest developments of the legal initiative, see the Katoomba Group website.
NEW PUBLICATIONS, TOOLS AND RESOURCES
CARBON & REDD
Forests: Taking Root in the Voluntary Carbon Markets
The Katoomba Group’s Ecosystem Marketplace recently produced a publication designed to introduce practitioners to the carbon markets (in particular the voluntary markets) and the current climate for reforestation, afforestation and REDD projects generating carbon credits. Forests: Taking Root in the Voluntary Carbon Markets is a collection of articles and one book chapter commissioned by the Ecosystem Marketplace. While the role of REDD in both the international and emerging US regulated systems is being decided, the voluntary carbon markets are serving as a testing ground for the development of REDD carbon credits and also to accumulate expertise and generate immediate action.
* Read the publication on the Ecosystem Marketplace
REDD Series on EM: REDD in the USA
Over the past year, the term 'REDD' (Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation) has
risen from an obscure acronym to a hot-button issue for policymakers, conservation groups, investors
and academics across the globe. In response, the Ecosystem Marketplace has started a series of articles that focus on REDD, entitled REDD in the USA. The first article, published in late August, addressed the future of forest offsets. Subsequent articles have addressed forest carbon offsets, regional and state climate initiatives, and the role of U.S. climate negotiations in avoided deforestation.
* Access the series on the Ecosystem Marketplace.
V Carbon Executive Summaries – in Spanish!
The last TAKG newsletter reported on the publication of Ecosystem Marketplace’s Forging the Frontier: State of the Voluntary Carbon Market 2008 report, the second annual market-wide quantitative analysis of the voluntary carbon markets. We are pleased to report that an Executive Summary of this document (as well as of the 2007 report, entitled Picking Up Steam) is now available in Spanish. These reports are among the most comprehensive, publicly available analyses to date. The Katoomba Group and Ecosystem Marketplace are in the process of translating the full Reports, which will be available soon on www.ecosystemmarketplace.com and www.mercadosambientales.com.
International Forestry Review – Special Issue on REDD and the Evolution of an International Forest Regime
The International Forestry Review has released a special issue entitled REDD and the Evolution of an International Forest Regime, edited by Alain Karsenty, A. Pottinger, Stéphane Guéneau, Doris Capistrano and Jean-Luc Peyron. The issue outlines the history of the development of REDD and presents options for moving forward. Among the topics addressed are: the politics of avoided deforestation; the role of government, public, and private forest stewards in REDD funding; REDD models and baselines; and the climate regime as global forest governance.
* Download the issue.
* Order hardcopies.
How to Include Terrestrial Carbon in Developing Nations in the Overall Climate Change Solution
The Terrestrial Carbon Group has released a paper on including terrestrial carbon in climate change solutions. The Group, which includes experts in land management, climate change, and markets, proposes nine guiding principles for effective action on terrestrial carbon, which comprises trees, soil, and peat. The Group advocates that both market and non-market approaches to terrestrial carbon and climate change are needed. The paper is expected to be translated into Spanish, Portuguese, French, Bahasa Indonesia, and Mandarin by the end of 2008.
* For further details and to download the full paper, please visit the Terrestrial Carbon Group's website.
TOOL: DVD from CDM Markets Latin America 2008-2009
The Centro Andino para la Economía en el Medio Ambiente (CAEMA) has produced a DVD of the Latin America CDM Markets event of 2008-2009. In the video, international forest and climate experts offer predictions about the demand, supply, and prices of carbon credits (CER) in the short, medium and long term. Experts offering analysis in the video include Point Carbon, INCORBANK, the Government of Norway, the national industry association (ANDI), Colombia’s Sociedad de Agricultores, WBCSD, and Conservation International. By showing how the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) can add value to investments, the DVD is a tool for investors and project managers in Latin America and the Caribbean.
* The DVD is $40 and available for purchase on the Andean Center's website.
FILM: The Burning Season
The Burning Season, a new documentary directed by Cathy Henkel and distributed by National Geographic, presents the story of 29-year old Australian environmental entrepeneur Dorjee Sun. Sun travels from Sydney to New York to London to Bali in his quest to sell carbon credits as a way to combat deforestation in Indonesia. The Ecosystem Marketplace also published an article detailing the remarkable story of Sun’s achievements.
* To learn more about the film, visit the movie's website.
* Read the Ecosystem Marketplace article about Dorjee Sun.
Diving into Water Markets: Taking Stock of Water Markets and the Future of Payments for Ecosystem Services
The Ecosystem Marketplace has released a publication on Payments for Watershed Services (PWS), which encompasses private deals, trading schemes, and government programs that have been structured around the concept that watersheds provide valuable services. If marketed correctly, these services could help watershed conservation pay for itself and generate income for those willing to participate. Diving into Water Markets includes a compilation of foundational articles, a view into payment schemes in the New York City and Chesapeake Bay watersheds, and a look at how best to adapt successful PWS schemes to fit in the developing country context in Africa. The publication aims to demonstrate cases where market-based mechanisms can play a critical role in the protection, restoration and sustainable management of water.
* Read the publication on the Ecosystem Marketplace
De los ríos no me río: Diagnóstico y reflexiones de las Cuencas Metropolitanas de Buenos Aires
By Ana Carolina Herrero y Leonardo Fernández
This Spanish-language publication addresses watersheds of the metropolitan Buenos Aires area. Topics covered include sanitary demand, aquifers, industrial pressure, hydrological risks, ecological watershed services, urban development opportunities, and reflections on watershed management. The book includes a diagnostic of the current state of watersheds in the metropolitan Buenos Aires area and proposes strategies for action.
* See more information on the book here.
Financing Sustainable Forest Management: European Tropical Forest Research Network
The ETFRN has published a 196-page book presenting current research and policy related to financing mechanisms for sustainable forest management. Financing Sustainable Forest Management comprises over 35 articles on policy and implementation initiatives at the international, national and local levels, as well as views and experiences from experts and case studies of financial mechanisms for sustainable forest management. The book is a joint production of Tropenbos International and Indufor and was presented during the UNFF Country-led Initiative in Suriname in September.
* Download the book on the ETFRN website
Edited by Charlotte Streck, Robert O'Sullivan, Toby Janson-Smith y Richard G. Tarasofsky
In a recent Chatham House publication, an international team of experts explains the links between climate change and forests and the role of the forests sector in emerging climate policy frameworks and carbon markets. Contributors analyze the operation and efficacy of market-based mechanisms for forest conservation and climate change and use case studies from around the world to present recommendations for policymakers, project developers, and market participants. The book explores voluntary schemes for carbon crediting, provides an overview of carbon accounting best practices, and presents tools for use in future sequestration and offset programs. It concludes by considering a range of incentive options for slowing deforestation and protecting the world’s remaining forests.
* Read the full description and purchase the book on the Brookings Institution Press website.
The Eliasch Review
By Johan Eliasch
An independent report commissioned by the British Prime Minister , The Eliasch Review aims to provide a comprehensive analysis of international financing to reduce forest loss and its associated impacts on climate change. Released in mid-October, the Review “focuses on the scale of finance required to produce significant reductions in forest carbon emissions, and the mechanisms that, if designed well, can achieve this effectively to help meet a global climate stabilisation target. It also examines how mechanisms to address forest loss can contribute to poverty reduction, as well as the importance of preserving other ecosystem services such as biodiversity and water services.”
* For more details on the review, download the Press Notice from the UK Office of Climate Change.
* Download the Executive Summary.
* Download the complete paper.
Key Issues page on PES: Eldis Environmental Reporter
The Eldis Environmental Reporter has created a PES Key Issues page to provide an overview of PES transactions, their potential and challenges. The page includes a link to further reading and may be accessed via the Eldis site, which provides information on environment and development issues. A CD-ROM with collections of Eldis documents is available as well; see website for details.
* Read the Eldis Environmental Reporter.
* Access the PES key issues page.
Rights and Resources reports on local rights and community forest tenure
Rights and Resources Initiative has released five new reports addressing local rights and community forest tenure in the context of the global challenges of climate change, conflict, and conservation. The reports address rights-based approaches to people and forests, climate change and governance in the forest sector, forest-related conflict, and commons and conflict states.
* Visit the Rights and Resources Initiative webpage for free access to these reports.
NEWS FROM ACROSS THE OCEAN
If you would like more information about PES in Africa, please contact Alice Ruhweza: aruhweza at forest-trends.org
Global Katoomba XIII: Taking Stock and Charting a Way Forward for PES in Africa
Dar es Salaam, Tanzania – September 16-18
Held in Tanzania, Global Katoomba XIII convened over 200 actors interested in markets and payments for ecosystem services. The event included 180 participants from African countries, including Burundi, D.R Congo, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Tanzania. Participants included national and international REDD experts and representatives from NGOs, government, and the private sector. The event was structured around two principal themes: REDD readiness strategies in Tanzania, and payments for watershed services in the region, with emphasis on countries (Tanzania and South Africa) where the most progress has been made. REDD conversations focused on stakeholder engagement, pilot demonstration sites, capacity building and training needs, and research agendas for the consideration of potential socioeconomic impacts, among other issues. Discussions addressed financing, baselines, and leakage, and included observations from other countries' REDD processes. Working groups focused on REDD and community forestry, REDD carbon measurement and accounting, and the policy, legal and institutional framework for REDD. Participants were also introduced to the Katoomba Group Ecosystem Services Incubator, that was recently launched in Uganda.
The global meeting was followed by a smaller meeting attended primarily by PES specialists and that included site visits to two field projects: one on REDD and one on PWS. The conversations that followed offered practical recommendations for improving the projects as well as a discussion of broader issues.
Planned follow-up from the Tanzania event includes: management of a discussion group where members can continue to interact and exchange lessons, opportunities and challenges; expansion of educational efforts, e.g. through PES seminars for university students; expansion to soil carbon, tree crops (shade coffee, cocoa), the development of new carbon instruments, and agro-forestry; and additional regular national-level meetings. Response to the Katoomba Ecosystem Services Incubator was very positive, and several countries requested that the Incubator extend service to their regions.
* For more information on Global Katoomba XIII, including a summary of the proceedings and copies of participants’ presentations, visit the Katoomba Group website.
PARTNER NEWS AND ARTICLES
Forest Trends launches the Community Portal
In August, Forest Trends launched the Community Portal, a website designed to increase communities' knowledge about ecosystem services and PES markets. The site aims to bridge the gap between providers and buyers of ecosystem services and is a multi-media information system that uses language and tools to make the information accessible to a broad audience at the community level. The Portal is an initiative of Forest Trends’ Community and Markets Program and seeks to link communities to environmental markets. In recognition and retribution of communities’ positive stewardship role of ecosystem services, the program works to create awareness and capacity for community participation and benefiting from payments and compensation schemes.
* Access the Community Portal.
* Click here for more information on Forest Trends' Communities and Markets Program.
MIA Project call for proposals related to mitigation and adaptation
A Consortium of organizations integrated by INIA, CIFOR, CATIE and UPM has recently launched the MIA Project (Cooperative project on mitigation of and adaptation to climate change in sustainable forest management in Ibero America). As part of its activities, MIA Project is launching a call for project proposals to the fund: "Fondo de apoyo a proyectos de investigación en mitigación y adaptación al cambio climático en la gestión forestal sostenible". This fund is structured to provide no reimbursable financial support of up to 40,000 euros per selected proposal. The call is open to mitigation and adaptation project proposals located in the Ibero American region.
* See the Project MIA page for more information.
Conservation Finance Forum scholarships for event in Valdivia, Chile in January 2009
As detailed in the Upcoming Events section of this newsletter, conservation practitioners, educators, and students from the Americas will convene in Valdivia, Chile to explore innovations and developments in the field of conservation finance. A limited number of scholarships will be available to currently enrolled graduate, professional, and undergraduate students in the fields of natural resources, forestry, business, public policy or related fields.
* For more information and application instructions, visit the Conservation Finance Forum.
JOB OPENING at SPDA in Lima, Peru: Environmental Services Specialist with REDD Emphasis
The Sociedad Peruana de Derecho Ambiental (SPDA) is currently accepting applications for an Environmental Services Specialist, with experience in REDD. The organization seeks a lawyer, economist, or other social sciences professional with experience in the following areas: conservation projects in biodiversity and forest management; financial incentives for conservation and sustainable management of natural and renewable resources; PES measurement and compensation transactions; public policy and regulation related to conservation and biodiversity; the regulatory and voluntary carbon markets. Candidates should be fluent in Spanish and have strong English skills and be able to start in November.
* Download a detailed job description.
JOB OPENING with the Katoomba Group: TAKG Program Associate, based in Washington DC
The Tropical America Katoomba Group is seeking a Program Associate to support its work to promote ecosystem services markets and transactions in Latin America. This full-time permanent position will be based in Washington DC. We are looking for multilingual (Spanish and preferably Portuguese) individuals interested in Latin American natural resource management issues.
* Download a more complete description.