June 2007

FROM THE EDITOR
Dear Katoomba Members,

Greetings and welcome to the seventh edition of the East and Southern Africa Katoomba Group e-newsletter.  

Our newsletter aims to keep you aware of the latest news about the network, reinforce the links between members and inform members about events and initiatives relating to payments for ecosystem services (PES) around the world.

We welcome your feedback, comments and suggestions, including any articles that you may wish to share with our readers. Please send them by e-mail to aruhweza@forest-trends.org.

Yours sincerely

Alice Ruhweza
Coordinator, East and Southern Africa Katoomba Group.

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. ESA KATOOMBA NEWS

2. NEW PES-RELATED INFORMATION FROM VARIOUS COUNTRIES IN THE REGION

3. PES FROM ACROSS THE OCEAN

4. UPCOMING EVENTS

5. RESOURCES

ESA KATOOMBA NEWS
PES AT THE POVERTY AND ENVIRONMENT PARTNERSHIP MEETING

The June 2007 Poverty and Environment Partnership (PEP) meeting in Copenhagen, Denmark included a full day session on PES for the first time.  The presentations ranged from looking at PES as an infrastructural investment within the broader development framework to the more narrow focus of asking in what circumstance the poor can participate in and benefit from PES. The break-out groups discussed the aid agenda for PES, as well as needed capacity building and private sector engagement.

The East and Southern Africa Katoomba Group Coordinator facilitated the break-out session on capacity building for PES. The general consensus was that more awareness needs to be built around ecosystem services in general and payments in particular. Awareness is needed at all levels including in development agencies and the private sector. There is need for more examples that demonstrate that PES really works – and that it does really help the poor.

The participants agreed to several follow-up steps, including:

  • A session on the private sector, environment and poverty for the next PEP meeting (including but not limited to PES); and
  • A series of information sharing events and documents on "avoided deforestation and poverty", with an initial focus on the climate COP in Bali in December 2007.

More information including background documents along with a summary report of the session will be posted on www.iucn.org/themes/economics

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NEW PES-RELATED INFORMATION FROM COUNTRIES IN THE REGION

TANZANIA TOUR OPERATORS PAY TO PROTECT LAND THAT WILDLIFE, AND THEIR BUSINESSES, DEPEND ON

In November 2005 a consortium of conservation-minded tour operators and a local Maasai village joined forces to establish a conservation easement in the Simanjiro plains in northern Tanzania. These plains are the main calving grounds for the large ungulates, notably wildebeest, zebra and eland, of Tarangire National Park. In what is probably the first conservation easement established in Tanzania, the village has allocated an area of approximately 120 square kilometres for livestock grazing and wildlife use, and excludes agriculture and permanent settlements. In return, the five tour operators are contributing a portion of their profits to the village and an NGO to hire and train local villagers as game scouts. What is unique about this arrangement is that none of the tour operators use the easement area for their operations – they are instead paying to protect land that the wildlife, and therefore indirectly their businesses, depend upon.

Tarangire National Park covers approximately 10% of a large ecosystem that stretches from Lake Natron in the north and deep into the Maasai Steppe to the south and east. Large mammals disperse widely within the ecosystem – in the early 1990’s as many as 55,000 zebra and wildebeest migrated in and out of the Park on a seasonal basis, making this one of the largest migrations of wildlife in East Africa. These migrations are driven by water availability and variations in the mineral content in the soil. Tarangire National Park has very low concentrations of phosphorus, an essential mineral for lactating female ungulates. As a result of this deficiency, the majority of large ungulates must migrate out of the National Park in search of phosphorus-rich grazing. When the ephemeral water in these dispersal areas dries up, the wildlife returns to the National Park which provides permanent water from the Tarangire River. With the onset of the rains, the migration cycle begins again. During very wet years, as witnessed in 1998 in the aftermath of El Niño, this return migration to the Park does not take place – the wildlife remain in the calving grounds year round. Because of these unusual mineral gradients, access to dispersal areas outside the Park is essential; if the large ungulate species were restricted to Tarangire’s less nutritious grasslands for any lengthy period, their populations would eventually crash.

Unfortunately important migration routes surrounding the Park are under increasing threat. A burgeoning human population and a rapid increase in agricultural activity around the park has led to the loss of five of the nine main migration routes in Tarangire, and a further two corridors are being rapidly degraded. In the past five years, agriculture in the Simanjiro plains has expanded rapidly, mainly from immigrant farmers. The plains are a natural draw to farmers for the fertile soil and open grasslands – they are in effect ready to plough. This trend has caused increasing concern among safari tour operators with strong links to Tarangire, who worry that increasing degradation of the dispersal areas will lead to big declines in wildlife numbers and ultimately reduce the appeal of the park. These concerns are well founded: in the past twelve years the wildebeest population has dropped from around 30,000 animals to less than 5,000 due to land loss and uncontrolled poaching in the calving areas.

In an attempt to tackle the problem, the five tour operators (three lodges, one safari company and one hunting company) formed a consortium that sought to provide financial incentives to villages in the Simanjiro plains to encourage them to set aside land for wildlife-friendly land use practices. Preliminary discussions with leaders in Terrat village (one of the three key villages) were positive and were followed by extensive negotiations with the village council. The proposal was openly discussed with village residents to allow for comments and feedback. After the discussions and negotiations, the village decided to allocate the entire plains area as a livestock grazing and wildlife use zone. Under the terms of the agreement, the land remains exclusively under village ownership and the partnership can be renegotiated after a five year period. The easement funds are given to the village at the end of each year and the village decides how these are spent – the first year’s payment was used to build a primary school in the main village. As an added incentive to the deal, further funds are provided by a local conservation project (the WCS-Tarangire Elephant Project) to hire four village members as game scouts to help monitor wildlife populations and curtail illegal hunting in the easement area.

Eighteen months after signing the agreement, the reaction to the easement within Terrat village remains extremely positive, with village leaders being particularly pleased that they are able to generate income for the village while protecting their communal dry season pasture lands. This enthusiasm has drawn the attention of the two other main villages in the Simanjiro (Sukuro and Emboret), and leaders of those villages have made initial enquiries about the possibility of establishing easements on their land. Ultimately the consortium aims to work with all three villages to protect a corridor linking Tarangire National Park to the calving plains. A number of political and financial obstacles still remain, but we see this as an important step forward in our goal of sustainable protection of the viability of the Tarangire ecosystem.

For more information, contact Charles Foley, PhD; Wildlife Conservation Society (lfoley@wcs.org)

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AFRICAN BANKERS’ CARBON FINANCE INVESTMENT FORUM

The African Bankers' Carbon Finance Investment Forum was held on 28-30 May 2007 in Johannesburg, South Africa. The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Division of Technology, Industry and Economics, the UNEP Risoe Center, in partnership with the Development Bank of Southern Africa (DBSA) convened this event for the African banking and finance community, which brought together over 150 delegates from Africa's financial community, private sector, and carbon emission buyers from overseas.

To date Africa has accounted for only 3% of total market share for the carbon markets which the meeting aimed to change. Many banks were introduced to business opportunities in the carbon market for the first time, and pioneers, such as the DBSA and the National Bank of Egypt, demonstrated how banks can play a pivotal role to enlarge Africa's market share.

A number of other pledges were made at the event. One of the oldest and leading banks in Nigeria announced its intention to develop a "Green Charter" to introduce greater sustainability and climate friendly principles into its operations.

The Investment Forum afforded entrepreneurs from across Africa, including Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Uganda and Tanzania, the chance to present some three dozen concrete project proposals to carbon buyers and financiers.

For more information visit http://www.carbonforum.co.za/

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THE AUSTRIAN CDM FOR AFRICA INITIATIVE

The Austrian Joint Implementation/CDM programme aims at achieving the Austrian Kyoto targets by the purchase of emission reductions from foreign climate protection projects. Joint Implementation as well as Clean Development Mechanism pertain to projects which are implemented abroad where they reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

It involves:

  • The purchase of emission reduction credits from JI or CDM projects and investment in funds and facilities.
  • The financing of particular immaterial services, such as Baseline Studies etc., which are necessary in respect to JI or CDM projects.

Main technological focuses are projects in the field of renewable energy sources, combined heat and power plants, Fuel-Switch-projects, energy efficiency projects as well as waste management measures.

The geographical scope of the programme comprises the CEE region as well as developing countries and emerging markets, which have ratified the Kyoto Protocol.

In Africa, the initiative aims to address barriers which inhibit active participation of African countries in implementation of the Kyoto Protocol's Clean Development Mechanism (CDM). An analysis of CDM projects indicates an imbalance in their distribution, particularly in Africa. The Initiative will build technical and institutional capacity to select suitable CDM projects for further development in Uganda, Tanzania, Ethiopia and Ghana.

For the period 2008-2012, EUR 288 million are available for the purchasing programme. The total purchasing volume is about 45 million tonnes CO2. This call will be open till 20 April 2008.

For more information, contact kyoto@kommunalkredit.at or visit http://www.public-consulting.at/en/portal/austrianjicdmprogramm/

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THE CONSERVATION DEVELOPMENT CENTRE IN KENYA CATALYSES NEW APPROACHES FOR CONSERVATION INCLUDING PES MECHANISMS

The Conservation Development Centre (CDC)  was formed in 1998 and works in eastern and southern Africa from an operations base in Nairobi, Kenya. CDC’s mission is to help other organisations achieve best practice in the conservation of natural resources and wild areas in harmony with human development. To this end, CDC has developed specialisations in, among several areas, (1) conservation planning and developing protected area and ecosystem management plans, (2) conservation finance and developing reliable, long-term sources and mechanisms for expanded biodiversity and ecosystem conservation, including the development of PES mechanisms.

For more information see contact Rob Craig – rob.craig@cdc.org

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PES NEWS FROM ACROSS THE OCEAN

CARBON TRADING COULD HELP AFRICA'S POOR
Tue 29 May 2007, (Reuters)

 A growing market in carbon credits to cut greenhouse gas emissions may become a tool to help Africa's poor, a World Bank official said on Tuesday. Under the Kyoto Protocol's Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), emissions by developed countries are capped, forcing them to fund cuts in poor countries through buying certified emission reduction permits to emit greenhouse gases. But the three-year-old market has so far failed to help Africa, with China and India dominating sales to rich nations.

World Bank figures released earlier this month showed the global carbon trading market trebled to over $30 billion in 2006 from $11 billion the previous year. "For us this carbon resource is an additional tool to bring in to solve the (poverty) problems that people have on the ground," said Karan Capoor, a senior financial specialist at the World Bank's Africa region carbon finance team. "We are interested in this market simply because it can help create an additional resource to solve these problems that are very difficult to solve," Kapoor told reporters at a carbon finance investment conference near Johannesburg. Carbon markets are seen as a cheap and possibly profitable measure to fight climate change.

Africa accounted for 3% of certified emission reduction (CER) permit sales last year, by volume, versus 61% from China and 12% from India, the World Bank says.

One of the biggest obstacles to carbon trading in Africa is a lack of finance plus the complexity of carbon markets. The continent also does not have as much heavy industry as China or India from which to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Conference organisers said African organisations or individuals could develop projects to reduce carbon emissions, selling the emission cuts to governments or companies in developed countries.

"One of the biggest challenges for CDM in Africa is complexity...there are lots of risks that have to be thought out and have to be structured," said Jan Kappen, programme manager at the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). But Kappen said the involvement of banks, drawing on their risk-management expertise, in the carbon trading process may mitigate perceived risks for carbon trading in Africa.

Among the projects offered to financiers at the three-day conference were a natural biogas programme in Kenya, gas recoveries from landfills in Rwanda, solid waste management in Uganda and an organic produce initiative in South Africa.

© Reuters 2007. All Rights Reserved.

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THE COCA-COLA COMPANY PLEDGES TO REPLACE THE WATER IT USES IN ITS BEVERAGES AND THEIR PRODUCTION
Source: CSRWire; June 5, 2007

The Coca-Cola Company (TCCC) has pledged to lead its global beverage operations, including those of its franchise bottlers, to replace the water it uses in its beverages and their production. The Company will focus its actions in three core areas: 1) reducing the water used to produce its beverages, 2) recycling water used for beverage manufacturing processes, and 3) replenishing water in communities and nature. The pledge was announced at the annual meeting of WWF in Beijing, where the Company launched a multi-year partnership with WWF to conserve and protect freshwater resources. This $20 million (US) commitment from The Coca-Cola Company to WWF will be used to help conserve seven of the world's most important freshwater river basins, support more efficient water management in its operations and global supply chain, and reduce the Company's carbon footprint.

"We are focusing on water because this is where The Coca-Cola Company can have a real and positive impact," said E. Neville Isdell, Chairman and CEO of The Coca-Cola Company. "Our goal is to replace every drop of water we use in our beverages and their production. For us that means reducing the amount of water used to produce our beverages, recycling water used for manufacturing processes so it can be returned safely to the environment, and replenishing water in communities and nature through locally relevant projects."

"The Coca-Cola Company is answering the call to help solve the global freshwater crisis through this bold partnership," said James Leape, Director General of WWF International. "The Company is stepping into new and uncharted territory, and we look forward to working together to meet the bold commitments they have made to water stewardship."

In 2006, The Coca-Cola Company and its franchised bottlers used approximately 290 billion liters of water for beverage production. Of that amount, approximately 114 billion liters were contained in the Company's broad portfolio of beverages sold in markets around the world, and another 176 billion liters were used in beverage manufacturing processes such as rinsing, cleaning, heating and cooling.
The Company's pledge to replace the water it uses has three core components: reduce, recycle and replenish.

  1. Reduce: The Coca-Cola Company will set specific water efficiency targets for global operations by 2008 to be the most efficient user of water within peer companies. These targets will build on improvements already made by The Coca-Cola Company and its bottlers in water-use efficiency over the past five years, a period where total water use has decreased by 5.6% while sales volume has increased by 14.6%. In that same period, water efficiency improved 18.6%.
  2. Recycle: The Company will align its entire global system in returning all water that it uses for manufacturing processes to the environment at a level that supports aquatic life and agriculture by the end of 2010. While water is treated currently to comply with local regulations and standards, the Company has wastewater treatment standards that are more stringent than applicable standards in many parts of the world. Nearly 85 percent of Company and independent bottling operations are aligned with the Company's higher standards, and the Company pledged to align 100% of its entire global system.
  3. Replenish: The Company will expand support of healthy watersheds and sustainable communities to balance the water used in its finished beverages. Engagement will include a wide range of locally relevant initiatives, such as watershed protection, community water access, rain water harvesting, reforestation and agricultural water use efficiency. Numerous projects are already underway: the Company has community and watershed programs in 40 countries focused on education and awareness, productive water use, watershed management and water supply, sanitation and hygiene; the Company has some 300 rainwater harvesting structures throughout its global operations; and, last week, in Brazil, The Coca-Cola Company and FEMSA announced a partnership with SOS Mata Atlantica to reforest over three million trees on 3,000 hectares of Atlantic rainforest. Unlike carbon, the concept of balancing water use is not well defined, and WWF, the Coca-Cola Company and its bottling partners will work together to measure the impact of these activities on water availability.

In recognition of the impacts on water resources from the "embedded" water in agricultural commodities and packaging, WWF and TCCC will work together to encourage efficient water use in the Company's supply chain, beginning with sugar cane. Work with WWF's Better Sugar Initiative has already demonstrated the Company's commitment to steward its supply chain's use of water. Measurable targets will be set for improvements of water use, in time, with its agricultural partners.

TCCC and WWF have been working together for several years on a number of pilot projects to conserve water, address water efficiency in the Company's operations and protect species. The partners are expanding their work together to achieve meaningful and large-scale results. The partnership will focus on measurably conserving seven of the world's most critical freshwater river basins: China's Yangtze; Southeast Asia's Mekong; the Rio Grande/Rio Bravo of Southwest United States and Mexico; the rivers and streams of the Southeastern United States; the water basins of the Mesoamerican Caribbean Reef; the East Africa basin of Lake Malawi; and Europe's Danube River. These river basins (also know as watersheds) span more than 20 countries in North America, Europe, Africa and Asia and were chosen because of their biological distinctiveness, opportunity for meaningful conservation gains, and potential to advance issues of resource protection.

Also recognizing the impacts of climate change on the water cycle, WWF and TCCC will work together on climate protection. WWF and TCCC experts have already led a series of energy and climate protection workshops for many of the Company's bottling partners. Targets will be set for climate-related emission reductions in the next year.

To learn more about the partnership, please visit www.thecoca-colacompany.com or www.worldwildlife.org.

Copyright Business Wire 2007

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WORLD BUSINESS LEADERS CALL FOR GLOBAL CARBON MARKET

Leading CEOs from the largest corporations in the energy sector meeting in Berlin on June 4, 2007 called for the establishment of a global carbon market as a way to spur innovation, clean energy development, and the additional investments needed to steadily move to a global lower carbon economy. The corporate leaders addressed more than a hundred legislators representing a broad cross-section of political parties from G-8 countries and major emerging economies such as Mexico, Brazil, China, India, and South Africa at two-day forum organized by GLOBE International, a worldwide network of legislators concerned with the environment

Tony Hayward, the newly appointed CEO from British Petroleum (BP), making his first keynote address since being appointed said, “We need to ensure that the costs of emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases are included in the price we pay for everything – whether it be a television, a train journey, or switching on a light – all should reflect the cost of emissions in that price.” Hayward added that “The price mechanism, set by the interaction of supply and demand, is perhaps the most powerful economic force ever discovered by mankind.  I believe that unlocking the ability of a competitive market to innovate and change behaviors will achieve the lost cost solution to climate change.” The idea that consumers, business, and Governments are becoming more aware of the cost of carbon reflects a growing consensus among business about the need of establishing a transparent price of carbon.

Jim Rogers, CEO of Duke, one of the largest power providers in the US, said, “It is really important that we have a price for carbon because it will drive future development of technology, research and development, and investments, leading also to a change in consumer behavior.” Rogers endorsed the call for a long term regulatory framework. He emphasized that, “It is critical that a long-term broad international post-2012 framework is developed. We should aspire to have all countries participating, recognizing the differences in capabilities and thus developing requirements which reflect these differences.” 
Reflecting a paradigm shift influencing business models in these leading companies, Lars G. Josefsson, President and CEO, Vattenfall AB, said “Emissions reductions must create value from the market player’s perspective. By pricing emissions we can use the power of the market to initiate and implement change. We already have access to technology that will enable us to reduce emissions, and we can increase the range of technologies available if we are prepared to invest in research and development.” Addressing the issue of the costs of clean energy he added, “The total costs of this ‘switch’ depend primarily on how it is carried out. Abrupt changes that create economic shock-waves or belated measures in the form of emergency cutbacks will prove very costly. Sustainable and long-term measures can reduce the total costs to very low levels.”

For, Andrei Marcu, head of  the International Emissions Trading Association (IETA) which represents market operators, “The call for the creation of a global carbon market, starting at the regional level, ensures that business can plan to rapidly move towards a low carbon economy guided by clear price signals.”

For more information see www.frankossenbrink.com/030607
www.globeinternational.org
www.complusalliance.org

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SCIENTISTS CLOSE IN ON MISSING CARBON SINK
Source: - Science Daily ; June 7, 2007

A study, which sheds light on the so-called missing carbon sink, concludes that intact tropical forests are removing an unexpectedly high proportion of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, partially offsetting carbon entering the air through industrial emissions and deforestation.

To study the global carbon cycle, the authors analyzed air samples that had been collected by aircraft across the globe for decades but never before synthesized. The team found that some 40 percent of the carbon dioxide assumed to be absorbed by northern forests is instead taken up in the tropics.

The missing carbon

For years, one of the biggest mysteries in climate science has been the question of what ultimately happens to the carbon emitted by motor vehicles, factories, deforestation, and other sources. Of the approximately 8 billion tons of carbon emitted each year, about 40 percent accumulates in the atmosphere and about 30 percent is absorbed by the oceans. Scientists believe that terrestrial ecosystems, especially trees, take up the remainder.

The scientists also found that intact tropical ecosystems are a more important carbon sink than previously thought. The models had generally indicated that tropical ecosystems were a net source of 1.8 billion tons of carbon, largely because trees and other plants release carbon into the atmosphere as a result of widespread logging, burning, and other forms of clearing land. The new research indicates, instead, that tropical ecosystems are the net source of only about 100 million tons of carbon, even though tropical deforestation is occurring rapidly.

For more information visit http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/06/070621140805.htm

 

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UPCOMING EVENTS

July 16-21, 2007
COMMUNITY FOREST MANAGEMENT AND ENTERPRISES: GLOBAL ISSUES AND OPPORTUNITIES
Rio Branco, Acre State, Brazil

This international conference will bring together about 250 leaders of forest communities, public forest agencies, industry and conservation groups to share experiences in community forest management and enterprises from around the world. It will explore case-studies from Mamirauá, Madang and more than a dozen other community forests and debate the best ways of assisting the sustainable development of community-based operations. It will also:

  • raise global awareness about the contributions of and challenges faced by community forest management and associated community enterprises;
  • generate proposals to strengthen the role of communities in forest management and forest-based enterprises; and
  • identify priority steps for governments, industry and international organizations to promote community forest management and associated community enterprises.

The conference is organized by the International Tropical Timber Organization and the Rights and Resources Initiative in cooperation with IUCN – the World Conservation Union and the Global Alliance of Forest Communities. It is hosted by the Government of Acre and the Government of Brazil through the newly created Brazilian Forest Agency. It is open to all people interested in community-based approaches to forest management and forest enterprises.A program and attendance information will be posted to this website in due course.

Contact: Augusta Molnar, Director, Community and Markets Program, Rights and Resources Group, Tel 1–202 470-3892 (office), 1–202 341-7319 (mobile); Fax 1–703 276 8524, Email; amolnar@rightsandresources.org; Or Contact: Tania Kaimowitz, Tel: +(506)253-1108 (office), or E-mail facilitador.red@gmail.com

24-26 August 2007
CARBON CYCLE RESEARCH IN AFRICA; Kruger NP, South Africa
The meeting will bring together a number of regional and international experts working on carbon cycle sciences in the African continent. Topics of discussion will include regional carbon budgets, urban and regional carbon management, bioenergy, carbon-biodiversity interactions, and other key terrestrial and aquatic processes and fluxes of the carbon cycle (natural, managed and human dimensions of the carbon cycle). All groups are invited to participate. A trip to Kruger National Park is scheduled to visit a number of observation and experimental facilities used in carbon research.

For more information contact: Guy Midgley, Pep Canadell and Shobhakar Dhakal or visit
www.globalcarbonproject.org/meetings.htm

September 5-7; 2007
LATIN AMERICAN CARBON FORUM; Lima Peru. -More information on www.latincarbon.com

12-14 September, 2007
ENVIROINFO 2007
The Conference focuses on methods, tools, technologies, best practice and case studies developed recently in the world in Environmental Protection.
Detailed information can be found on www.enviroinfo2007.org

20-21 September 2007
9TH BIOECON CONFERENCE ON ECONOMICS AND INSTITUTIONS FOR BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION,  Kings College Cambridge, UK. The conference will look at among others, institutions for payments for ecosystem services and valuation. Contact: Mare Sarr: m.sarr@ucl.ac.uk

3rd – 6th December, 2007
6TH TANZANIA WILDLIFE RESEARCH INSTITUTE ( TAWIRI ) SCIENTIFIC CONFERENCE; Arusha, Tanzania. Conference theme is "Consequences of Global Environmental Changes to Natural Ecosystems".  Abstracts are invited on the following conference sub themes;-
* Environmental changes and conservation.
* Biodiversity and Monitoring
* Wildlife diseases
* Human-wildlife Interactions
* Wildlife ecology and behavior
* Wildlife socio-economics and ecotourism

Deadline for submitting abstracts is: Friday August 30th, 2007. Abstracts should be sent to:
conference@tawiri.org . For more information see: www.tawiri.org
           
December 3-14, 2007
UNITED NATIONS CLIMATE CHANGE CONFERENCE; Bali Indonesia
Conference of the Parties (COP 13) and the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP 3)
More Info at : www.unfccc.org

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RESOURCES AND TOOLS

GOOD PRACTICE GUIDANCE FOR LAND USE, LAND-USE CHANGE AND FORESTRY

This report on Good Practice Guidance for Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry (GPG-LULUCF) is the response to the invitation by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) to develop good practice guidance for land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF). GPG-LULUCF provides supplementary methods and good practice guidance for estimating, measuring, monitoring and reporting on carbon stock changes and greenhouse gas emissions from LULUCF activities under Article 3, paragraphs 3 and 4, and Articles 6 and 12 of the Kyoto Protocol.

The GPG-LULUCF assists countries in producing inventories for the land use, land-use change and forestry sector that are neither over- nor underestimates so far as can be judged, and in which uncertainties are reduced as far as practicable. It supports the development of inventories that are transparent, documented, consistent over time, complete, comparable, assessed for uncertainties, subject to quality control and quality assurance, and efficient in the use of resources.

The GPG-LULUCF is consistent with the existing good practice guidance for the other sector and addresses:

  • Choice of estimation method within the context of the IPCC Guidelines;
  • Quality assurance and quality control procedures to provide cross-checks during the inventory compilation;
  • Data and information to be documented, archived and reported to facilitate review and assessment of inventory estimates;
  • Quantification of uncertainties at the source or sink category level and for the inventory as a whole, so that resources available can be directed toward reducing uncertainties over time, and the improvement can be tracked.

In addition, GPG-LULUCF provides guidance related to the specific features of the LULUCF sector on consistent representation of land areas, sampling for area estimates and for estimating emissions and removals, verification, and guidance on how to complement the Convention reporting for the LULUCF sector to meet the supplementary requirements under the Kyoto Protocol. The development of good practice guidance for LULUCF sector is a step in the IPCCs on-going programme of inventory development and will also support future revisions of the IPCC Guidelines themselves.

The document can be downloaded at unfccc.int/files/meetings/cop_11/application/pdf/cmp1_03_good_practice_guidance_for_lulucf.pdf

NATURE'S BENEFITS IN KENYA: AN ATLAS OF ECOSYSTEMS AND HUMAN WELL-BEING.

This report provides a new approach to integrating spatial data on poverty and ecosystems in Kenya. It is endorsed by five Permanent Secretaries in Kenya and with a Foreword by Wangari Maathai (recipient of the 2004 Nobel Peace Prize). WRI; Department of Resource Surveys and Remote Sensing, Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources, Kenya; Central Bureau of Statistics, Ministry of Planning and National Development, Kenya; International Livestock Research Institute.
To download the atlas at  http://pdf.wri.org/kenya_atlas_journalist_guide.pdf

GUIDEBOOK TO MARKETS AND COMMERCIALIZATION OF  FORESTRY CDM PROJECTS.

This guide has been prepared by the FORMA project, an initiative of a consortium of research institutions working to strengthen Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) capacities in Latin America in the forestry and bioenergy sectors. The guide provides an overview of forestry CDM projects, a description of the carbon markets, and recommendations for project developers.

The guide can be downloaded at www.proyectoforma.com/Documentos/GuidebooktoMarketsandCommercializationofCDMforestryProjects.pdf -)

BIODIVERSITY ECONOMICS- INFORMATION PORTAL
This portal is designed to promote economic approaches to conservation and provide access to key documents in English, French, and Spanish. The site includes an events calendar and global database of practitioners.

For more information visit biodiversityeconomics.org

DICTIONARY AND INTRODUCTION TO GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE.
By Richard E. Saunier and Richard A. Meganck.  Earthscan, June 2007.

This book provides a compilation of over 5000 terms, organisations, and acronyms related to global environmental governance and thereby seeks to establish a common vocabulary for those who work on such matters. An introductory essay frames major issues in global environmental governance and outlines the pitfalls of talking past one another when discussing important environmental issues.

To order a copy of the book, visit http://shop.earthscan.co.uk/ProductDetails/mcs/productID/777/.

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ANNOUNCEMENTS

THE ROLEX AWARDS

The Rolex Awards support exceptional men and women who are breaking new grounds in areas which advance new knowledge and improve well-being. They support outstanding initiatives in the Environment, Science & Medicine, Exploration & Discovery and Technology and Innovation. The five Laureates receive US$100,000 and a Rolex chronometer as well as international publicity. Deadline for Africa is September 30th 2007.

For more information on how to apply visit http://www.rolex.com/rolex-awards/applynow/

THE WETLANDS AND POVERTY REDUCTION PROJECT (WPRP) SEED FUNDING FACILITY

The WPRP seed funding facility provides funds to support conservation and development
organisations to work together with local/regional actors in the development of project proposals that
address wetlands-poverty issues. The Facility only funds the development of project proposals. The
proposals should address the link between wetlands, water and poverty. The maximum amount that can be requested under the Seed Funding Facility is €25.000.

For further information on which countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America are eligible to apply, visit: http://www.wetlands.org/articlemenu.aspx?id=1bf9e09a-e82b-4073-90c1-e3b0fd2d381c
Applicants wishing to submit a project concept should submit their completed documents by e-mail to:

Maria Stolk; Seed Funding Facility Coordinator, Wetlands and Poverty Reduction Project
Wetlands International, P.O. Box 471, 6700 AL Wageningen, The Netherlands
maria.stolk@wetlands.org,

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NEWSLETTERS

We invite you to look at the Katoomba Group’s other newsletters.

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